On the eastern coast of India, Orissa lies between 170. 15’ and 220.45’ in the North latitude and between 810.45’ and 870.50’ East Longitude. The state is bounded by Jharkhand on the north, West Bengal on the north-east, Chhatisgarh on the west, Andhra Pradesh on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the East. The state lies in a sub-tropical geo-climatic zone and is broadly divided into four distinct natural physiographic regions viz. 1) northern plateau and upland region, 2) central table land, 3) eastern ghat region and 4) coastal belt.